Big Day 1 – Project Presentations

Today is the big day – 12 groups of UoG students will present their solutions to the problems suggested by their Gazan partners. Here is the list of topics, together with presenters’ details and presentation abstracts.

Looking forward to hearing them all and keeping fingers crossed for the technology

Road traffic problems in Gaza and their negative effects on the residential environment

UoG presenters: Lu Li and Dai Weifan

IUG collaborators: Amany S. Elhallaq and Alaa A. Al-Reqep

Since the 2008 Gaza War, the increasing number of refugees and the high fertility rate have led to the sharp growth of population in Gaza Strip. As a result, the number of vehicles on the road has contributed to traffic congestion. This has had negative effects on residential environment due to two aspects: pollution and safety. Several approaches have been adopted to cope with these problems including sandwich panel, green belt and using recycled aggregate as road construction material. This presentation examines these alternatives. The best solution seems to be green belt for pollution and road materials renewal for safety.

Presentation slides: EAST_Road traffic congestion

Electricity Shortages in Gaza

UoG presenters: Xu Xhang and Pracha Yambangyang

IUG collaborators: Tamer A. Khrais and Oussama S. Enshassi

The Gaza territory is a small area which has been attacked and conquered by the military. Many facilities were destroyed, especially, electricity power plant, leading to the insufficiency of power energy for consumers. Several approaches have been implemented by government to deal with this crisis, including raise their capacity of production, promote conservation energy programs. The aim of this presentation is to consider alternative ways to solve the electrical shortage in the Gaza Strip. First we will briefly describe the situation in the Gaza Strip, then we will go on to present two possible solution. Following this we will evaluate each solution before summarising our findings.

Presentation slides: EAST_Electric shortages in Gaza

Salinity of groundwater in Gaza

UoG presenters: Andre Zimmerman, Ruoxon Wang and Gabriel Battista

IUG collaborators: Mohammed M. ElAbadsa, Eman J. AlBalawi and Teejan Elkhazendar

Groundwater is the primary source of water in the Gaza Strip. However, less than 10% of the groundwater available in this area is suitable for drinking purposes, as a result of the high salt concentration caused by the seawater intrusion process. The desalination of the groundwater has been adopted by the government as the main alternative to this problem. Nonetheless, this is an inefficient alternative for the reason that not only the current desalination plants are not enough to cope with the demand for freshwater, but also, the pumping of the groundwater increases the seawater intrusion. In this view, newer approaches for desalination could be introduced as well as an optimized management of the aquifers’ wells. The innovative low-costs desalination techniques such as, Adsortion Method (AD) and low-enthalpy geothermal heat resources to desalination methods could alleviate the situation. Particularly AD has been showed extremely attractive. Furthermore, optimal management of groundwater is a fundamental long-term solution which could be adopted combined with AD process in order to obtain the best results.

Generating electricity for wastewater treatment in the Gaza Strip

UoG presenters: Wen Tingwei, Song Bowei and Jia Qi

IUG collaborators: Abdallah A. Jouda, Rana H. Idais and Rawan A. Silmi

The Gaza Strip is suffering from power outages. Without electricity, the wastewater treatment stations have to halt, which leads to environmental problems. Several approaches can be attempted to solve this problem, including Pumps As Turbines (PAT) system, recycling for photoelectricity and ocean energy. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages. The best method seems to be the combination of multiple approaches to provide a comprehensive solution.

Presentation slides: EAST_Waste water treatment

The problem of electricity interruptions in Gaza

UoG presenters: Caesar Al-Ameri, Zhewen Bao and Duan Ranmake

IUG collaborators: Aya El Shaikh Khalil and Fatima N. Abushaban

The Gaza strip is faced with a severe problem of getting enough electricity supply due to the increasing population as well as the lack of fuel to run a power plant because of the ongoing siege. As a result, people in Gaza face eight to twelve hours of scheduled power outages per day. In order to lessen the burden of electricity shortage in Gaza, this presentation examines three possible solutions based on different kinds of renewable resources such as wind, solar and bio-fuel. They are all clear and environmentally friendly methods that could reduce the reliance on diesel oil. However, the contribution of waste-to-energy to power consumption in the Gaza strip seems to be the most effective method because comprehensive consideration of the price and stability.

Presentation slides: EAST_Electricity and interruption problem

Water drainage and sea pollution in Gaza

UoG presenters: Awara M.Amin, Carolina Francis Silva Sperandim, Zhen Yan and Xiaoxiao Liu

IUG collaborators: Ahmed O. Abu Elkhair and Hassan H. Alashqar

The high population density in Gaza has many consequences. One of these is that production and consumption have increased to accommodate more people. As a result, factories and agriculture tend to produce larger quantities of waste material. This larger scale activity impacts on water drainage and the misuse of pesticides in Gaza threatens drinking water purity thereby creating some problems, particularly sea pollution. This presentation aims to offer some suggestions that could alleviate, or solve the problem. Firstly, we will present the most common sources of sea pollution and how the environment in general is been affected by the water drainage. Secondly, we will provide some potential solutions to improve the treatment of water and evaluate these.

Presentation slides: EAST_Water drainage and sea pollution

Application of IT in medical sciences in Gaza

UoG presenters: Yang Gemeng, Zhang Nuohan and Andre Perez

IUG collaborators: Tamer A. Khrais and Oussama S. Enshassi

The medical services in the Gaza Strip are regarded to be one of the most important services for the civilian population and are essential of people’s daily lives given the possibility of conflict in the region. However, the information availably to medical staff is sometimes limited as a result of the lack of IT use and this potentially impacts on the speed and effectiveness of treatment. This presentation aims to discover the main problem in the low usage of software in Gaza’s healthcare sector and list some of available solutions to improve this. First we will briefly describe the IT situation in Gaza, then we will go on to present some possible solutions to help to alleviate the problem. Following this we will evaluate each solution before summarizing our findings.

Presentation slides

Toxicity of organic chemicals on the environment in Gaza

UoG presenters: Omar Namnakani, Aroon Saelor and Nazareno Campiani

IUG collaborators: Mohammed M. ElAbadsa, Eman J. AlBalawi and Teejan Elkhazendar

It is generally accepted that the demand for food in Gaza has significantly increased as a result of the ever growing number of the population. Therefore, in order to overcome this problem, pesticides have been used excessively in the agricultural field to maximise the productivity of crops. However, this has led to negative impacts on the surrounding environment as well as on humans. Several approaches have been proposed including prohibiting hazardous pesticides, reducing pesticides’ use, introducing green pesticides and utilizing enzymes. The aim of this presentation is to evaluate the overall methods with their corresponding effects on the environment. It illustrates that prohibiting serous substances and reducing pesticides could alleviate the health problem in Gaza. However, the cost of products may raise.

Presentation slides: EAST_Toxicity of organic chemicals

Development of Arabic OCR technologies – opportunities and challenges in Gaza

UoG presenters: Leonardo Nunes Parente, Qiying He and SangYu Lee

IUG collaborators: Ghadeer S. Abu-Oda and Shadia Y. Baroud

As there are a large number of blind people due to the wars in Gaza, the need of a type of software that helps them to read texts on electronic devices has significantly increased. However, the existing OCR system is mainly used for English or Latin-based languages, because of the complexity of Arabic, especially for handwritten texts.
The presentation suggests two solutions for improving Arabic OCR technology: the Hidden Markov Model (HMM), which is one of main statistical models used in OCR, and Tesseract, which is the best free and open source of Arabic OCR. Therefore, it is proposed that a non-profit organization is set up to develop free and accurate Arabic OCR software which combines the Tesseract engine with the HMM model. The presentation also shows future approaches and limitations of this community.

Presentation slides: EAST_Development of Arabic OCR

Utilization of solar energy to overcome the electricity problem in Gaza

UoG presenters: Amena Khamaj, Thais Silvestre and Saro Ahmed

IUG collaborators: Mohamed Kh. Abu Hatab and Walaa H. Nijem

Electricity shortage is one of the main problems in the Gaza Strip. The limited energy sources in Gaza require the import of electricity and fossil fuel from neighbouring countries. The aim of this presentation is to consider viable solutions to generating electricity within the country. First we will briefly describe the situation in Gaza, and then we will provide three possible solutions and evaluate these.

Presentation slides: EAST_Electricity shortage

Climate change adaptation and disaster risk management for a sustainable environment, especially in the agriculture sector

UoG presenters: Amani Al Rubkhi, Peixi Liu and  Waleed Almuhanna

IUG collaborators: Hatem Abu Hamed and Ameer H. Wadi

Climate change is changing humans’ lives and has shown a noticeable change in agriculture. In Gaza, what climate change results in is mainly adverse impacts on the humans’ lives especially on agriculture. Several problems related to soil issues, water shortage and extreme events are arisen as the temperature rises up. Approaches have been proposed to cope with these problems, for instance, cover crop, an irrigation pipe line and warning system. This essay aims to explain the problems and offer some solutions on agriculture in Gaza. It seems that the best solution in Gaza is covering crop for soil issues, an irrigation pipe line for water shortages and warning system for possible disasters.

Text-to-speech (TTS) software in Gaza

UoG presenters: Huda Alsofyani, Zhengyi Chen and Po-Hsiang Chang

IUG collaborators: Ghadeer S. Abu-Oda and Shadia Y. Baroud

Text-to-Speech software is needed as there are many visually impaired people in Gaza. Unfortunately, existing Text-to-Speech software in Arabic is expensive and it is not affordable for every Gaza citizen. Taking specific marketable strategy is one of the solutions. In other word, search for sponsors to support free using of TTS software. The other solution can be developing new and free TTS software. For each kind of solutions, several difficulties need to be solved. The best solution seems to be TTS software development with the help from government. The enterprises can require more resources from government.

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3 thoughts on “Big Day 1 – Project Presentations

  1. Pingback: Reflections on the project presentations | EAST Project

  2. Pingback: End-of-Project Party | EAST Project

  3. Pingback: EAST 2016 Kick-off! | EAST Project

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